Smart Card/ IC Card, also called Integrated Circuitcard. It puts the integrated circuit chip into plastic substrate and encapsulate as card form. Its apperance is similar to magnetic card.
The concept of IC card is put forward in 1980s. France Bull Company first create the ic card product in 1976 and adpoted the technology into finance, transportation, hospital, Photo ID areas. It combines the microelectronics and computer technology together, which has advanced the modernalization of people's the life and work.
The IC chip has the reading and writing information: The information in IC card reader could conditionally be read by people according to their requirements and used by interior information processing and judement. It can be devided into three parts according to the different integrated circuit of the IC card:
1. The storage card: the integrated circuit is EEPROM
2. Logic encrypt card: the integrated circuit has logic encrypt and ZEPROM
3. The integrated circuit of CPU card includes CPU, EEPROM, Random storage RAM and COS( Chip operating system)